Baby abnormalities are not necessarily sick
Some abnormal manifestations of babies are normal, and young mothers need not panic.
Irregular breathing: The newborn’s breathing is not only superficial, but also irregular, with uneven speed.
This is mainly due to weak rib muscles in the newborn, narrow nasopharynx and trachea, poor adaptability of the alveoli, and respiration mainly due to the displacement of the diaphragm. Therefore, the newborns are dominated by abdominal breathing.
Thoracic breathing is weak and shallow. The newborn’s exhalation and inhalation volume are small and cannot meet the body’s need for oxygen. Therefore, breathing is faster, reaching 40-50 times per minute. This is a physiological phenomenon.
Warning: If you have purple complexion and other symptoms, you should see a doctor promptly.
Chin Plasma: The newborn has a chin involuntary retina without other symptoms, which is a normal physiological phenomenon.
This is because the nervous system of the newborn is not yet fully developed and its inhibitory function is poor.
Warning: Keep warm in the cold season to avoid the top of the chin due to cold in children.
Limbs and bones: The fetus is head to chest in the uterus, hands clasped to the chest, legs bent.
After birth, she continued to maintain a constant residual shape, and disappeared after the full moon.
Bipedal inversion will be normal after three months, so children often have a slightly bent calf after birth, bipedal inversion, slightly outturned arms, and flexed limbs. These manifestations are normal and it is related to the fetus.Related to the position in the womb before birth.
Weight loss: Newborns often lose weight every week after birth.
This is because you ca n’t eat immediately or have a small amount of food after birth, coupled with the daily discharge of urine, water that is invisible to the naked eye from breathing and skin, etc., the body is temporarily out of balance, causing temporary weight loss.
It usually recovers in 10 years.
Warning: If it does not recover after 10 days, you should look for the cause.
Sneezing: Occasionally sneezing in a newborn is not a symptom of a cold.
Newborns have abundant blood flow in the nasal cavity, a narrow nasal cavity, a short nose and face, and surrounding small substances, such as cotton wool, villi, dust, etc., which stimulate the nasal mucosa and cause sneezing.
After bathing, children are irritated by air conditioning and can also cause sneezing. Moms don’t have to worry about it, just keep warm and take cold medicine.
Spilled milk: The newborn’s stomach is “lying”.
The cardia at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach and the pylorus at the junction of the stomach and duodenum are almost on the same level.
In addition, the volume of the newborn’s stomach is small, and the cardiac muscle development is not yet perfect, and the closure is not strict, which may easily cause reflux of milk in the stomach.
In particular, changing diapers immediately after breastfeeding will cause milk spillage when crying or hyperactivity.
Sometimes when feeding milk or water with a bottle, the baby’s nipples are not completely filled, which causes children to inhale air, causing the stomach to swell and causing milk spillage.
Caution: Spilled milk has been vomiting, and the amount of vomiting is too much. It is a disease like spitting out. You should go to the doctor. Spilling milk is a physiological phenomenon. Pay attention to feeding techniques. Gently pick up the child after feeding.On the mother’s shoulder, pat the end with her hand for 2-3 minutes, and then put it on the bed when she hears a snore.
Do not change the diaper after feeding, do not let the child cry, take the right position to reduce the spilled milk.
Vaginal bleeding in baby girls: It is normal for a baby girl to have a small amount of bloody secretions or mucus in her vagina about a week after birth.
This is due to the effect of the estrogen level of the fetus in the body during pregnancy. The estrogen level decreases rapidly after birth, causing the uterine and vaginal epithelial tissues to be replaced. It is medically called “false menstruation” and is a normal physiological phenomenon.
Breast enlargement: After the mother is pregnant, the content of progesterone and prolactin in the body gradually increases until it reaches a peak before delivery.
These hormones can promote mammary gland development and milk secretion, and fatty acids are affected in the maternal body through the placenta.
Therefore, some newborns will have breast enlargement.
After birth, the hormones from the mother disappear, and the intensified breasts gradually disappear.
Therefore, parents should not be nervous and avoid squeezing their nipples to avoid infection.
Yellow skin staining: The skin of the newborn becomes yellow 2-3 days after birth, but after 7-10 days, the yellow color gradually decreases and disappears.
This phenomenon is called physiological jaundice.
Caution: If the skin becomes yellow within 24 hours after birth, and it quickly worsens, or if the jaundice does not resolve after two weeks, it should be considered pathological jaundice and need to be treated in the hospital.
Horse teeth: Milky white particles often appear near the gingival margins or near the midline of the upper palate. At first glance, they appear to have teeth. They are commonly known as “die teeth” or “horses.”
Generally it can be absorbed or replaced by itself after about two weeks without treatment.
Do not pick with a needle or wipe with a cloth, so as not to damage the mucosa and cause infection.
Peeling: It is normal for newborn skin to fall off.
The stratum corneum, the uppermost layer of the neonatal skin, is easily replaced due to incomplete development.
In addition, the neonatal basement membrane connecting the epidermis and dermis is underdeveloped and delicate and soft, so that the epidermis and dermis are not tightly connected, and there are many opportunities for epidermal replacement.
Snoring: Snoring in newborns is a very common phenomenon, not a disease.
This is due to incomplete development of the nervous system in children.
Startle: It is normal for newborns to startle when they sleep.
The newborn’s nervous system is not fully developed, and the excitement caused by the stimulus is easy to “generalize.” Any loud, strong light, vibration, and change of body position will cause children to startle.
When a newborn is shocked, as long as the mother gently engages a part of the baby’s body with her hand, it can be placed to quiet down.
Caution: Neonatal startle should be distinguished from convulsions.
The startle was manifested with his hands spread upwards and quickly reopened, sometimes accompanied by crying.
Neonatal convulsions are manifested by gaze, tremor, or continuous blinking, repeated chewing, sucking, irregular breathing, bruising skin, and twitching of skin and muscles.
When this symptom occurs, you should see your doctor in time.
Body temperature fluctuations: The newborn’s body temperature regulation center is not yet perfect, the regulation function is poor, and the body temperature is not easy to stabilize.
When exposed to cold, the newborn does not tremble, but relies on a substance called a brown trace to produce heat.
The body fat of a newborn is relatively large in terms of weight ratio, and the subcutaneous aunt is thin, and it is easy to dissipate heat, causing the body temperature to be too high, or covering too much, and not adding enough water, which can increase the body temperature of the newborn.
Therefore, to keep the newborn’s body temperature normal, the newborn should be placed in a temperature-friendly environment. In summer, ventilate and drink plenty of water; in winter, keep warm.